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2016年陕西成人学位英语考试历年真题(九)
时间:2016-07-14     来源:168网校  (全面资讯快报  顶级试听体验)    访问点击量:380

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第Ⅱ卷(非选择题,共50分)

注意事项:

1.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名和准考证号用黑色签字笔填写在试卷密封线内指定位置。

2.用黑色签字笔将答案直接答在卷面指定位置。

3.考试结束时。考生将本试卷交回。

Part IV Translation (20 points)

Directions: Read the following passage carefully. Then translate the underlined sentences marked from 51-55 into Chinese. You should write your translation on the Answer Sheet.

During the middle of the 19th century, 51. Germany, along with other European nations, suffered from workplace deaths and accidents as a result of growing industrialization. 52. Driven in part by Christian love for the helpless as well as a practical political impulse to undercut the support of the socialist labor movement, Chancellor Bismarck created the world's first workers' compensation law in 1884.

By 1908, the United States was the only industrial nation in the world that lacked workers'compensation insurance. America's injured workers could sue for damages in a court of law, but they still faced a number of legal barriers. 53. For example, employees had to prove that their injuries directly resulted from employer negligence and that they themselves were ignorant about potential dangers in the workplace. The first state workers' compensation law in this country passed in 1911, and the program soon spread throughout the nation.

After World War II , benefit payments to American workers did not keep up with the cost of living.

In 1970, President Richard Nixon set up a national commission to study the problems of workers'compensation. Two years later, the commission issued 19 key recommendations, including one that called for increasing compensation benefit levels to 100 percent of the states' average weekly wages.

In fact, the average compensation benefit in America has climbed from 55 percent of the states' average weekly wages in 1972 to 97 percent today. 54. But, as most studies show, every l0 percent increase in compensation benefits results in a 5 percent increase in the numbers of workers who file for claims. 55.And with so much more money floating in the workers' compensation system, it's not surprising that doctors and lawyers have helped themselves to get a large slice of the growing pie.

2018年陕西普通高校专升本(统招专升本)考前辅导班(面授 / 网络课程)
面授实体教学课程组合课程专业名称 讲师 原价/优惠价 免费试听 报名
普通高校统招专升本(文/理)全程班
刘莎 、 习佳
胡秀娟 、 武曼 、 王婷婷
¥3580 / ¥2280
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普通高校统招专升本(文/理)全程班 刘莎 、 习佳
胡秀娟 、 武曼 、 王婷婷
¥1980 / ¥680
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