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2016年陕西公共英语三级考试备考技巧
时间:2016-11-28     来源:陕西学位英语网  (全面资讯快报  顶级试听体验)    访问点击量:356

第一部分 倒装

一、要点

全部倒装(三级考试不考):全部谓语放在主语前

部分倒装(三级考试的考点):部分谓语(助动词、情态动词、系动词)放在主语前

助动词:did、do、does、have、has、had、are、were、will、

情态动词:can、could、should、ought to、may

系动词:is、was

解题步骤:

1、识别标志性结构

2、选出部分倒装的选项

(1)先排除没有倒装的选项

(2)其他可能的干扰项

① 不同的时态

② 主被动的选择

③ 双重否定的干扰

二、否定词或否定短语置于句首

(一)标志结构

1、否定词

never、hardly…when、scarcely、no sooner…than、rarely、nowhere、little、seldom、not +副词

2、否定短语

by no means、in no case、in no way、at no time、in no sense、on no account、under no circumstances

(二)三级考试真题汇编

1、No sooner_______ got to the station than it began to rain heavily.

A. had I B. have I C. I had D. I have

2、No sooner had we sat down _______ we found it was time to go.

A. than B. when C. as D. while

3、No sooner had they got off the train_______it started moving.

A. when B. than C. then D. after

4、No sooner had they got the good covered up _______it started raining hard.

A. When B. than C. then D. after

5、No sooner had she entered the house _______ the telephone rang.

A. when B. than C. as D. while

6、Not until I came to China _______ what kind of a country she is.

A. I knew B. I didn't know C. I did know D. did I know

7、Not until I reminded him for the third time _______working and looked up.

A. that he stopped B. does he stopped

C. did he stop D. that he stopped

8、Not until most of the people had left the airport _______ his sister was there.

A. that he saw B. had he seen C. did he see D. that he had seen

9、Not until Columbus discovered America ­­­_______ to Europe.

A. bananas were brought B. bananas brought

C. are bananas brought D. were bananas brought

10、_______ the importance of wearing seat belts while driving.

A. Little they realize B. They little do realize

C. Little realize do they D. Little do they realize

11、So little _______ about stock exchange that the lecture was completely beyond me.

A. did I know B. I had known C. I knew D. was I known

12、Not once _______ your sentence correctly.

A. You have copied B. did you have copied

C. have you copied D. have you been copied

13、Nowhere else in the world _______ more attractive scenery than in Switzerland.

A. you can find B. is found C. can you find D. has been found

14、Not always _______ they want to.

A. people can do what B. People cannot do what

C. can people do what D. can’t people do what

15、By no means _______ our mistakes.

A. we ought ignore B. we ought to ignore

C. ought we ignore D. ought we to ignore

16、In no case _______ the students from exploring new ideas.

A. we should prevent B. we could prevent

C. should we prevent D. shouldn’t prevent

17、_______ the first to use nuclear weapons.

A. At no time China will be B. Never China will be

C. Will China never be D. At no time will China be

18、By no means _______ to move to a new place far away from her workplace, because it isn't convenient for her family and herself.

A. Jane will agree B. will Jane agree

C. Jane will disagree D. will Jane disagree

19、By no means__________to her parents.

A. this is the first time has she lied B. this is the first time does she tell a lie

C. is this the first time She has lied D. is this the first time she was lying

(三)其他考试真题选编

1、Not until the game had begun _______ at the sports ground.

A had he arrived B would he have arrived

C did he arrive D should he have arrived

2、Not until the early years of the 19th century _______ what heat is.

A. man did know B. man knew

C. didn't man know D. did man know

3、Not until I began to work _______ how much time I had wasted.

A. didn't I realize B. did I realize C. I didn't realize D. I realized

4、Not until all the fish died in the river _______ how serious the pollution was .

A. did the villagers realize B. the villagers realized

C. the villagers did realize D. didn't the villagers realize

5、I finally got the job I dreamed about. Never in all my life _______ so happy!

A. did I feel B. I felt C. I had felt D. had I felt

6、The old couple have been married for 40 years and never once _______ with each other.

A. they had quarreled B. they have quarreled

C. have they quarreled D. had they quarreled

7、Never in my wildest dreams _______ these people are living in such poor conditions.

A. I could imagine B. could I imagine

C. I couldn't imagine D. couldn't I imagine

8、_______ got into the room, _______ the telephone rang.

A. He hardly had, then B. Hardly had he, when

C. He had not, than D. Not had he, when

9、—Did Linda see the traffic accident?

—No, no sooner _______ than it happened.

A. had she gone B. she had gone C. has she gone D. she has gone

10、Maybe you have been to many countries , but nowhere else _______ such a beautiful palace .

A. can you find B. you could find C. you can find D. could you find

11、Little _______ that we were watching his every move, so he seemed to be going his own way in this business.

A. he realized B. he didn't realize C. didn't he realize D. did he realize

12、I have been living in the United States for twenty years, but seldom _______ so lonely as now.

A. have I felt B. I had felt C. I have felt D. Had I felt

13、Not a single song _______ at yesterday's party.

A. she sang B. sang she C. did she sing D. she did sing

14、Never before _______ in greater need of modern public transport than it is today.

A. has this city been B. this city has been

C. was this city D. this city was

15、—How was the televised debate last night?

—Super! Rarely _______ so much media attention.

A. a debate attracted B. did a debate attract

C. a debate did attract D. attracted a debate

16、We have been told that under no circumstances _______ the telephone in the office for personal affairs.

A. may we use B. we may use C. we could use D. did we use

三、only+状语置于句首

(一)标志结构

only+副词:then、once、recently

only+介词短语:in this way、by doing、at that time

only+状语从句:because、when

(二)三级真题汇编

1、Only recently _______ to deal with the environmental problems.

A. something has done B. has something done

C. has something been done D. something has been done

(三)其他真题选编

1、I failed in the final examination last term and only then _______ the importance of studies.

A. I realized B. I had realized C. had I realized D. did I realize

2、Only then _______ how much damage had been caused.

A. she realized B. she had realized

C. had she realized D. did she realize

3、Only in this way _______ progress in your English.

A. you make B. can you make

C. you be able to make D. will you able to make

4、Only under special circumstances _______ to take make-up tests.

A. permitted are freshmen B. freshmen are permitted

C. are freshmen permitted D. are permitted freshmen

5、Only when the war was over _______ to his hometown?

A. did the young soldier return B. the young soldier did return

C. returned the young soldier D. the young soldier returned

6、Only when your identity has been checked _______.

A. you are allowed in B. you will be allowed in

C. will you allow in D. will you be allowed in

四、so、neither、nor置于句首

(一)标志结构

so(也) 用于肯定语境

neither、nor(也不) 用于否定语境

(二)三级真题汇编

1、Our society has changed and _______ in it.

A. so the people have B. the people have so

C. so have the people D. have the people so

2、Parking is a big problem _______.

A. the traffic is so B. is so the traffic

C. so the traffic is D. so is the traffic

3、I couldn’t find peter, _______ did I know where he had gone.

A. never B. either C. nor D. as

4、If you go to the movie tonight, so _______ I .

A. will B. do C. am D. can

5、James doesn't like pop music, ____does his sister.

A. so B. also C. either D. neither

(三)其他真题选编

1、—Do you know Jim quarrelled with his brother?

—I don't know, _______.

A. nor don't I care B. nor do I care
C. I don't care neither D. I don't care also

2、Of the making of good books there is no end; neither _______ any end to their influence on man’s lives.

A. there is B. there are C. is there D. are there

3、—I would never ever come to this restaurant again. The food is terrible!

—_______.

A. Nor am I B. Neither would I C. Same with me D. So do I

4、If Joe’s wife won’t go to the party, _______.

A. he will either B. neither will he C. he neither will D. either he will

5、Mary never does any reading in the evening, _______.

A. so does John B. John does too

C. John doesn’t too D. nor does John

6、She never laughed , _______ lose her tempt.

A. or she ever did B. nor did she ever C. with which D. nor she ever did

7、The engineer is not happy with the project, and _______ is her boss.

A. neither B. so C. either D. as

五、as引导的让步状语从句

(一)标志结构

名词(无冠词)

形容词 +as+主语+动词

副词 +as+主语+动词

分词 +as+主语+动词

(二)三级真题汇编

1、Young _______ he is, he knows what is the right thing to do.

A. that B. as C. although D. however

2、_______ at Harvard, he began again to write his essay.

A. Busy was as he B. Busy as was he

C. Busy as he was D. As was he busy

3、_______, he felt tired out after the long journey for eight hours.

A. Strong as he is B. The stronger he is

C. Strong man that he is D. For he is strong

(三)其他真题选编

1、_______ as it was at such a time , his work attracted much attention.

A. Being published B. Published

C. Publishing D. To be published

2、_______ , he does get annoyed with her sometimes.

A. Although much he likes her B. Much although he likes her

C. As he likes her much D. Much as he likes her

3、_______ I admire David as a poet, I do not like him as a man.

A. Much as B. Only if C. If only D. As much

4、_______, I have never seen anyone who is as capable as John.

A. As long as I have traveled B. Now that I have traveled so much

C. Much as I have traveled D. As I have traveled so much

六、挑错

1、Factory workers had to work very hard before, so had farmers.

A B C D

2、"Never I have heard such a thing in my life!" said the old man.

A B C D

3、Only when it started to rain he noticed that he had left his raincoat somewhere.

A B C D

4、At no time and under no circumstances China will be the first to use nuclear weapons.

A B C D

5、I could not speak the language, neither had I friends nor acquaintances in the town.

A B C D

6、So absorbed she was in her work that she didn't realize it was time that she picked up her daughter.

A B C D


第一部分 倒装

二、否定词或否定短语置于句首

(二)三级考试真题汇编

答案:AABBB   DCCDD   ACCCD    CDBC

(三)其他考试真题选编

答案:CDBAD   CBBAA   DACAB   A

三、only+状语置于句首

(三)其他真题选编

答案:DDBCA   D

四、so、neither、nor置于句首

(二)三级真题汇编

答案:CDCAD

(三)其他真题选编

答案:BCBBD   BA

五、as引导的让步状语从句

(二)三级真题汇编

答案:BCA

(三)其他真题选编

答案:BDAC

六、挑错

答案:DBBBC  B

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